Water is a basic human need. We need readily available water for cooking, cleaning, and washing. Unfortunately, around 2.1 billion people do not have access to safe drinking water at home.
Contaminated water doesn’t only taste bad but is directly linked to various deadly diseases. Viruses such as Hepatitis A, E, and E-Coli found in dirty water result in conditions like diarrhea, typhoid, polio, and cholera.
In the United States alone, almost 63 million people are exposed to unsafe drinking water at home. Currently, providing clean water is the fundamental goal of human rights activists all across the globe.
A proper sanitation system can help provide clean and safe drinking water. Let’s explore a few ways to treat your home water and make it suitable for use.
Identifying Common Water Issues
Before selecting a suitable water filtration system for your house, it’s essential to identify the problem you’re facing with your water.
Each household can have different water issues, including:
- Excess calcium and magnesium, causing water hardness.
- Rusty water (due to excessive iron and manganese)
- The water smells like rotten eggs (due to hydrogen sulphide)
- Debris or sediment
- Metallic taste
- Lead contamination
- Bad taste and odor
Therefore, if you’re dealing with any of the water problems mentioned above, you should take action without further delay.
Benefits of Water Treatment Systems
So, before we move on to a few water treatment systems for your home, we’d like to mention the benefits that come along with these water treatment solutions.
- Removal of unwanted contaminants
- Freshwater that doesn’t only taste better but smells good too
- No more water stains
- Reduction of plastic waste
- Excess mineral removal
- Refreshing water from every tap of the house
- 100% pathogen removal
Healthy water has a direct impact on the consumer’s health. Therefore, in addition to enjoying fresh water, a clean water system can improve your quality of life.
Residential Water Treatment Solutions
Water treatment systems remove the undesirable components from your home drinking water. Simply put, these systems enhance the quality of water you drink by purifying it.
However, it is imperative to note that there are different types of water treatment solutions. Also, there is a direct correlation between water impurities and the kind of treatment technology needed to get rid of them.
For instance, water high in minerals may require a water softener. On the other hand, reverse osmosis filtration systems are ideal for treating excess chlorine and heavy metals in the water.
Furthermore, you may need additional modifications to purify the water.
So, let’s discuss the various types of water treatment systems and determine which might be an appropriate solution for you.
Besides, you can find more information about the best water treatment solutions and systems at Water Masterz.
Sediment filtration is hands down the most typical form of water purification method out there. People not only utilize it for home but also for commercial and industrial purposes.
As the name suggests, ‘sediment’ filtration removes the sediments that may plummet the quality of your home water. For instance, it removes silt, sand, rust, and other large particles from the water.
Besides, it also enhances the taste and smell of your drinking water.
The filter either has a surface screen that blocks the impurities. Or, it traps unwanted sediments as the water travels through it. This type of filter is called depth filter.
That’s it! Your particulate-free and refreshing water is ready to use.
Reverse osmosis helps to remove the dissolved substances in your drinking water, opposed to sediment filtration which only removes the floating particles.
Besides removing the dissolved particles, reverse osmosis also eliminates bacteria such as Salmonella, E.Coli, and Campylobacter.
Wondering how that works? As the name suggests, reverse osmosis ‘reverses’ the flow of water. A system consists of a semi-permeable membrane. The water travels through this membrane from a more concentrated to a more dilute solution.
Another plus is that its semi-permeable membrane has a lifespan of two to three years. So, you won’t have to worry about replacing it frequently.
On the downside, it may cost you a bit more. However, water treated with a reverse osmosis system will be one of the purest you can lay your hands on.
We discussed earlier that excess amounts of calcium and magnesium in water makes it hard. A water softener can reduce that hardness of the water.
Water pipes can accumulate scale due to the hard minerals. Also, hard water minerals interfere with the cleaning ability of detergents and soaps.
The ion exchange system of water softeners successfully removes magnesium, calcium, and partly iron from your water. The hard water flows through an exchange resin-filled tank. These ions are then swapped by sodium on the exchange resin.
Although the resin tank of some water softeners is recharged (with salt) automatically, some older ones may require a manual recharge.
Note that if you suffer from heart disease, you should talk with your doctor first, about the added sodium content in softened drinking water.
As compared with other systems of water treatment, distillation might seem a bit outdated to some. However, it works pretty well to purify drinking water.
By using electrical energy, a water distiller evaporates water to its boiling point. During this process, the contaminants in water are left behind, which get removed later on.
Water distillation does help to purify water, but it is a time-consuming process. Besides, the output is pretty low. As such, it may not be a suitable filtration system for industrial use.
In terms of eliminating viruses and bacteria from water, UV water treatment systems beat all others. Microorganisms like E.coli, cysts, protozoa, typhoid, and hepatitis are commonly found in lakes, streams, and water from home wells.
Ultraviolet disinfection ensures maximum removal or rather inactivation of such harmful bacteria.
The UV rays from the system kill all the dangerous microorganisms in your water that may contribute to deadly diseases.
It is crucial to note that this is an additional water modification practice that can complement your typical water filter, however, for pretty good reasons. So, you should install a regular filtration system as your first defense and utilize UV disinfection as an additional method to disinfect your water.
UV disinfection is simple and easy to use. Nevertheless, it relies on electricity to work and may cost you a bit more.
Clean drinking water has been a human need since time immemorial. It not only protects you from several water-borne diseases but also enhances your quality of life.
We’ve discussed a few water treatment solutions above; first, you need to figure out the problem you’re facing with your home water. Afterward, you can choose a suitable and economical water treatment method.
In addition to utilizing water treatment systems, we shall promote healthy practices for our environment’s wellness. For example, we should reduce the usage of plastics and avoid disposing of trash in the ocean, Additionally, educating our children about environment-friendly habits is equally important.